TOEFL Writing (письмо)
Секция Writing (письмо) TOEFL. Продолжительность секции: 50 минут. Количество заданий: 2.
1 задание (интегрированное):
- необходимо прочитать небольшой текст (200-300 слов);
- необходимо прослушать дискуссию, где тема, заявленная в тексте, освещается с различных точек зрения;
- необходимо в письменном виде обобщить услышанные точки зрения и объяснить, как они взаимосвязаны с прочитанным ранее текстом. Объем работы — 150-225 слов
- Необходимо написать эссе на заданную тему
Примеры заданий секции Writing:
The Writing section measures your ability to use writing to communicate in an academic environment.
Question 1 is an writing task based on reading and listening. You will read a passage, listen to a lecture, and then write a response to a question about the relationship between the lecture and the reading. You have 20 minutes to plan and write your response.
Question 2 is writing based on knowledge and experience. You will write an essay in response to a question that asks you to state, explain, and support an opinion on an issue. You have 30 minutes to plan and write your essay.
For this task, you will write a response to a question about a reading passage and a lecture. You may take notes, and you may use your notes to help you write your response Your response will be scored on the quality of your writing and on how well you connect the points in the lecture with points in the reading. Typically, an effective response will have 150 to 225 words.
Reading time — 3 minutes
The solution to most problems that societies confront is a higher level of political sophistication that results from more education. When people have the facts about the issues, they will be clearer thinkers and better citizens.
Most people depend on broadcast news and print media for information about current issues. However, in addition to good information, the media contain rumors, misinformation, and politically motivated variations on the truth. The most effective remedy for misinformation is fact checking. If the information people have is incorrect, the corrected facts will enlighten them. Knowing the truth will help people reject misinformation because they will have a better understanding of the issues.
When people have all of the available information, they are able to develop intelligent, informed opinions about issues. People base their opinions on facts, and the more information they have, the more informed their opinions will be. Listening to opposing opinions is an important component of being informed. Therefore, political debate will benefit society by ensuring that citizens understand all sides of an issue.
Accurate information is necessary for solving the problems societies face. When people feel threatened, they will search for the truth. Their natural instinct is to seek information that will help them to make decisions about potential solutions to problems. They will listen to the opinions of experts and look to their elected officials for leadership. When the people are well informed, everyone will benefit: the people, the leaders, and the society as a whole.
Now listen to the recording. When you hear the question, begin your response. You may look at the reading passage during the writing time.
Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they contradict specific points made in the reading passage.
Writing time — 20 minutes
For this task, you will write an essay in response to a question that asks you to state and support your opinion on a topic. Your essay will be scored on the quality of your writing, including how well you organize and develop your ideas and how well you use language to express your ideas. Typically, an effective essay will have a minimum of 300 words.
Read the question below and make any notes that will help you plan your response. Then begin typing your essay.
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Subjects such as art, music, and drama should be a part of every child’s basic education.
Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
Writing time – 30 minutes.