TOEFL Speaking (говорение)

Секция Speaking (говорение) TOEFL. Продолжительность секции: 20 минут. Количество заданий: 6.

 

Виды заданий:

 

  • 2 задания, ориентированные на общеизвестные темы;
  • 4 интегрированных задания, в которых задействованы несколько языковых навыков (в таких заданиях сначала необходимо прочитать текст, потом прослушать информацию и высказать свое мнение. При этом разрешается делать пометки и использовать их при ответе).

Для выполнения заданий секции Speaking необходимо иметь наушники с микрофоном.

 

Примеры заданий секции Speaking:

 

Speaking Section Directions

 

The Speaking section measures your ability to speak in English about a variety of topics. There are six questions in this section.

 

In questions 1 and 2, you will speak about familiar topics. Your responses will be scored on your ability to speak clearly and coherently about the topic.

 

In questions 3 and 4, you will first read a short text and then listen to a talk on the same topic. You will then be asked a question about what you have read and heard. You will need to combine appropriate information from the text and the talk to provide a complete answer to the question. Your responses will be scored on your ability to speak clearly and coherently and on your ability to accurately convey information about what you have read and heard.

 

In questions 5 and 6, you will listen to part of a conversation or lecture. You will then be asked a question about what you have heard. Your responses will be scored on your ability to speak clearly and coherently and on your ability to accurately convey information about what you have heard.

 

You may take notes while you read and while you listen to the conversations and lectures. You may use your notes to help prepare your responses.

 

Questions 1

 

In this question, you will be asked to talk about a familiar topic. After you hear the question, you will have 15 seconds to prepare your response and 45 seconds to speak.

 

What game do you enjoy playing? Describe the game, and explain why you like to play it. Include details and examples in your explanation.

 

Preparation time — 15 seconds

Response time — 45 seconds

 

Questions 2

 

In this question, you will be asked to talk about a familiar topic. After you hear the question, you will have 15 seconds to prepare your response and 45 seconds to speak.

 

Some people drive their own car to school or work. Others ride a bus, train, or other form of public transportation. Which do you think is better and why? Include details and examples in your explanation. 

 

Preparation time — 15 seconds

Response time — 45 seconds

 

Questions 3

 

In this question, you will read a short passage about a campus situation, listen to a conversation, and then speak in response to a question about what you have read and heard. After you hear the question, you have 30 seconds to prepare your response and 60 seconds to speak. 

 

Reading time — 45 seconds

 

Distance education courses

 

Distance education courses at Valley Community College are regularly scheduled classes that must be completed by the end of the quarter. All online courses are taught by college faculty in conjunction with the related academic departments. Students will be required to participatein a "virtual classroom" online, conduct research, and complete assignments. Students must have daily access to a parsonal computer with word processiong software and connection to the internet. Students should expect to spend approximately 12-15 hours a week for any online course.

 

Now listen to the recording. When you hear the question, begin preparing your response

 

 

The adviser expresses her opinion about online courses. State her opinion and explain the reasons she gives for holding that opinion.

 

Preparation time — 30 seconds

Response time — 60 seconds

 

Questions 4

 

In this question, you will read a short passage, then listen to a lecture on the same topic, and then speak in response to a question about what you have read and heard. After you hear the question, you have 30 seconds to prepare your response and 60 seconds to speak. 

 

Reading time — 50 seconds

 

Homeostasis

 

Homeostasis is the tendency toward balance. In zoology, homeostasis is an animal's ability to maintain body equilibrium by adjusting its physiological processes. It is the body's continuous balancing and re-balancing of the processes that maintain stability and restore the body's normal state when it has been disturbed. Homeostatic systems keep an animal's internal environment within acceptable limits, even though the external environment may change. Homeostatic systems protect an animal's body from harmful changes, such as changes in temperature or water level. 

 

Now listen to the recording. When you hear the question, begin preparing your response

 

 

The professor describes the large ears of a rabbit. Explain how the rabbit's ears are used in homeostasis. 

 

Preparation time — 30 seconds

Response time — 60 seconds

 

Questions 5

 

In this question, you will listen to a conversation. You will then be asked to talk about the information in the conversation and to give your opinion about the ideas presented. After you hear the question, you have 20 seconds to prepare your response and 60 seconds to speak. 

 

 

The students discuss possible solutions to the man's problem. Describe the problem. Then state which solution you prefer and explain why. 

 

Preparation time — 20 seconds

Response time — 60 seconds

 

Questions 6

 

In this question, you will listen to a short lecture. You will then be asked to summarize important information from the lecture. After you hear the question, you have 20 seconds to prepare your response and 60 seconds to speak.

 

 

Using points and examples from the lecture, explain how the communication between babies and mothers is musical in nature.

 

Preparation time — 20 seconds

Response time — 60 seconds

 

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